Providing nonpartisan policy analysis, consulting, and
research services to improve public safety throughout the nation.

publications

  • Getting “Smart” on Juvenile Justice: Implementing Statewide Reforms

    Getting “Smart” on Juvenile Justice: Implementing Statewide Reforms

    Since 2014, six states have participated in the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP) Smart on Juvenile Justice: A Comprehensive Strategy to Juvenile Justice Reform Initiative to reduce out-of-home placement for juveniles, increase community-based treatment, and improving outcomes for youth. The Crime and Justice Institute has worked with all six states -- Georgia, Hawaii, Kentucky, South Dakota, West Virginia, and Kansas -- to implement legislative reforms and achieve those goals.

  • The Collaborative Reform Initiative Process: Experiences of Selected Sites

    The Collaborative Reform Initiative Process: Experiences of Selected Sites

    An analysis of the Collaborative Reform Initiative for Technical Assistance launched in 2011 by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) at the U.S. Department of Justice has found that the initiative can be a powerful tool to build momentum for reform among police departments facing significant issues that may impact public trust.

  • Assessment of the Collaborative Reform Initiative in the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department

    Assessment of the Collaborative Reform Initiative in the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department

    A nine-month assessment of the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department by the Crime and Justice Institute has found that the department has maintained and expanded on positive reforms, improving transparency and the culture around use of force and strengthening community engagement.

  • Riverside County Technical Assistance and VPRAI Validation Reports

    Riverside County Technical Assistance and VPRAI Validation Reports

    This is the final site report from the Pretrial Assistance to California Counties work with Riverside County, CA that the Crime and Justice Institute has been involved with since 2013. Funded by the Public Welfare Foundation, the work focused on providing technical and implementation assistance to two counties in California. The report details the work that the Riverside County Probation Department conducted to implement a pretrial risk assessment tool, integrate it into their data system for validation data collection and monthly reporting, and create a pretrial supervision program. Working with CJI and consultant Brian Lovins, the validation report details the validation analysis and revised assessment Riverside County developed that improved prediction for their local population.

  • Reshaping Restrictive Housing at South Dakota State Penitentiary

    Reshaping Restrictive Housing at South Dakota State Penitentiary

    Across the United States, the use of restrictive housing has come under intense scrutiny by the public, courts, and policymakers. This report details the Crime and Justice Institute’s (CJI) role in supporting the South Dakota Department of Corrections efforts to safely reform the use of restrictive housing in the maximum-security South Dakota State Penitentiary. In 1-year’s time the South Dakota State Penitentiary reduced its restrictive housing population by 18 percent. At the same time, the violent incident rate in restrictive housing is now at its lowest point—lower than the rate in general population.

  • False Positives, False Negatives, and False Analyses: A Rejoinder

    False Positives, False Negatives, and False Analyses: A Rejoinder

    This paper by authors Anthony Flores, Christopher Lowenkamp, and CJI's Kristin Bechtel is a response to a ProPublica story about potential racial bias allegedly introduced through the use of a commonly used risk assessment, COMPAS. Flores, Lowenkamp, and Bechtel use the data employed in the ProPublica piece to refute many of the conclusions and implications of the original authors.

  • Justice Reinvestment: Utah

    Justice Reinvestment: Utah

    This brief report describes the Crime and Justice Institute’s (CJI) role in supporting Utah’s Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice in conducting a comprehensive review of Utah’s criminal justice system and developing data-driven, evidence-based policies that would improve public safety while controlling corrections costs, saving Utah taxpayers more than $500 million over the next two decades.

  • Justice Reinvestment: Mississippi

    Justice Reinvestment: Mississippi

    This brief report describes the Crime and Justice Institute’s (CJI) role in supporting Mississippi’s bipartisan, interbranch Corrections and Criminal Justice Task Force in conducting a comprehensive review of Mississippi’s criminal justice system and developing data-driven, evidence-based policies that would improve public safety while controlling corrections costs, saving Mississippi taxpayers at least $266 million through 2024.

  • Exploring the Relationship Between Time in Pretrial Detention and Four Outcomes

    Exploring the Relationship Between Time in Pretrial Detention and Four Outcomes

    This report tests the relationship between pretrial detention and outcomes during the pretrial and post-disposition periods on a sample of 9,441 defendants booked into a county jail. In recent years, an increasing amount of attention has been paid to the pretrial phase of justice, specifically questions of if, when, and how to use pretrial detention. A particular area of interest has been the potential impact of pretrial incarceration on defendants with respect to criminal justice outcomes, which is the focus of this report. Outcomes examined include failure to appear and new criminal activity as well as outcomes post-disposition including 12-month post-disposition arrest, and 24-month post-disposition arrest.

  • Analyzing Bond Supervision Survey Data: The Effects of Pretrial Detention on Self-Reported Outcomes

    Analyzing Bond Supervision Survey Data: The Effects of Pretrial Detention on Self-Reported Outcomes

    Recent research has begun to explore the potential effects of pretrial detention as it relates to relevant justice outcomes. Less is known about the specific effects of pretrial detention with respect to less obvious outcomes. In this study, the impact of pretrial detention on several non-criminal justice related outcomes is studied using a mixture of self-report and official data.

  • Justice Reinvestment: South Dakota

    Justice Reinvestment: South Dakota

    This brief report describes the Crime and Justice Institute’s (CJI) role in supporting South Dakota’s Criminal Justice Initiative Work Group, comprised of a diverse group of stakeholders, in conducting a comprehensive review of South Dakota’s criminal justice system and developing policy recommendations to reduce the state’s corrections population and save $207 million taxpayer dollars through 2022.

  • Justice Reinvestment: Georgia - Strengthening Public Safety While Curbing Corrections Growth

    Justice Reinvestment: Georgia - Strengthening Public Safety While Curbing Corrections Growth

    This brief report describes the Crime and Justice Institute’s (CJI) role in supporting a diverse group of stakeholders in Georgia in identifying data-driven, evidence-based policies that would improve public safety while controlling corrections costs and working with legislators to enact criminal justice reform legislation that was passed unanimously.

  • Local Justice Reinvestment: The Challenge of Jail Population Projection

    Local Justice Reinvestment: The Challenge of Jail Population Projection

    Jail administrators and local public safety leaders require tools to accurately forecast their local jail populations in order to assist with long and short-term planning. This new publication describes some of the challenges and how they are addressed by the Jail Population and Policy Impact Tool©, developed by CJI and economist Michael Wilson for the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA).

  • Pretrial justice technical assistance capacity overview

    Pretrial justice technical assistance capacity overview

    Utilizing proven practices such as risk assessment, effective supervision, and data-driven decision making, CJI is helping organizations efficiently use system resources by reducing unnecessary detention and failures to appear, while improving public safety by identifying highest risk defendants and reducing new criminal activity among those awaiting trial.

  • Reshaping restrictive housing technical assistance overview

    Reshaping restrictive housing technical assistance overview

    Find out more about how our team of experts can help you develop and implement a plan to reshape the way your agency uses restrictive housing.

  • Promoting positive behavior in restrictive housing

    Promoting positive behavior in restrictive housing

    When we place offenders in restrictive housing, we expect them to demonstrate positive behavior and we claim to use that as a factor in deciding whether they progress through a restrictive housing program or level system and whether they are ready for return to general population.

  • Targeting Reforms at the Front End of the Criminal Justice System – a Local JRI publication

    Targeting Reforms at the Front End of the Criminal Justice System – a Local JRI publication

    This new publication describes how pretrial reform enhances the Justice Reinvestment Initiative and showcases efforts to improve pretrial practices in six sites participating in local Justice Reinvestment.

  • Restrictive Housing Performance Measures

    Restrictive Housing Performance Measures

    Despite a focus in many states on government accountability and performance, many corrections agencies are unable to produce meaningful data detailing their institutional operations and outcomes.

  • Restrictive Housing: Attracting Your Best Staff Where They Are Needed Most

    Restrictive Housing: Attracting Your Best Staff Where They Are Needed Most

    Restrictive Housing units are the most challenging places to work in the prison setting. Find out how South Dakota Department of Corrections ensures it has the best staff to work with its challenging population of segregated inmates.

  • Pretrial Progress: A Survey of Pretrial Practices and Services in California

    Pretrial Progress: A Survey of Pretrial Practices and Services in California

    CJI’s survey of California counties reveals the extent and growth of pretrial services in the state as local officials work to better manage their jail populations.

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