Probation and Parole
At CJI, we work with our partners in probation and parole to translate this research into practice in many different forms – from technical assistance and strategic planning to training and program assessment like the Correctional Program Assessment Inventories (CPAI).
We are committed to meeting our project partners “where they’re at” and understands the difficulties that surround the implementation of research in the “real world.” In order to address these challenges, we are committed to working collaboratively with community corrections partners to support their efforts and develop capacity within the organization or agency.
Across the country, community corrections agencies are struggling to do more with less. In the face of shrinking budgets, community corrections agencies and government officials are looking for solutions to reduce new crimes and new victimization. Fortunately, a substantial body of literature exists on cost-efficient practices that are proven to reduce offender risk. We can help an organization get on the right track.
Examples of our work in this area include:
Evidence-Based Practices Training for Massachusetts Parole
In 2012, with the help of the Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) at Community Resources for Justice, the Massachusetts Parole Board began implementing evidence-based practices (EBP) that aligned with their core values and mission to promote public safety and reduce recidivism by helping offenders successfully reintegrate into the community. In keeping with becoming an evidence-based agency, We helped the Parole Board conduct a rigorous evaluation of the available risk and need assessment tools that would help the agency better identify the criminogenic risks and needs of its parolees. Parole board members and staff were trained on the principles of effective intervention (PEI) and in 2012 the decision was made to adopt the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) risk/need assessment tool, a fourth generation actuarial risk and needs assessment instrument widely used by corrections agencies across the country. We built capacity not only in educating parole on PEI, but provided them with a comprehensive implementation plan and process to conduct inter-rater agreement. By the project’s end, Massachusetts parole was reporting out on the inter-rater agreement data and conducting booster sessions to increase scoring proficiency in a targeted manner.
Implementing Effective Correctional Management of Offenders in the Community: An Integrated Model
Through a cooperative agreement established in the fall of 2002 and running through 2009, National Institute of Corrections (NIC) joined with CJI to assist two pilot states, Illinois and Maine, followed by two immersion sites in the Maricopa County (AZ) Adult Probation Department and the Orange County (CA) Probation Department, in applying an integrated approach to the implementation of evidence-based principles in community corrections. The project model maintains an equal and integrated focus on three domains: the implementation of evidence-based principles, organizational development, and collaboration.
The project’s Integrated Model is based on the premise that successful implementation of evidence-based principles in community corrections can only be achieved when integrated with corresponding organizational development and collaboration. The project was designed to provide a series of needs assessment-based interventions focused on these three components.
Yolo County Community Corrections Partnership
CJI assisted the Yolo County, California Community Corrections Partnership (CCP) in developing a multi‐year Public Safety Realignment Plan. The purpose of this project was the development of a comprehensive approach to realignment, (also known as California Assembly Bill 109) in Yolo County that not only focused efforts on strategic priorities, but also provided an operational work plan to accomplish the goals and performance metrics to measure progress. In addition to strategic planning support, we conducted a review of all the programs that were currently funded by realignment dollars to determine which programs were appropriate for formal evaluation based on their operating models, data capacity and availability, and levels of implementation.